Thursday, September 3, 2020
Proficient Integration - Essay Example Fundamentally, the Good Idea Company model means to perform specific clinical center and noncore capacities wherein the errands concerned relies on the order of the client. Such orders of undertakings to be performed by MSOs incorporate clinical interpreting and regulatory capacities. Principally, this model of MSO speaks to complex business assignments and activities which can't be performed purposely by wellbeing experts. In this manner, for these noncore tasks which are a long way from the field of medication, for example, fund and bookkeeping, wellbeing framework affiliations locate this model a great one which permits them to have the work done by particular MSOs. Between the two models of MSOs over, the Venture Capital Company gives more benefit to taking an interest parties for combination. Since the Venture Capital Company plans to create capital by redistributing authoritative and administrative tasks to MSOs who represent considerable authority in these fields, they become progressively centered around their center activities. Subsequently, this permits a quick pace of reconciliation for the two players. Then again, the Good Idea Company gives moderate however sure combination which is just restricted to the assignments the client orders.
Sunday, August 23, 2020
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Importance of Character in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Imprint TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s epic The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most acclaimed books. Twain achieves this with his phenomenal intensity of cleverness, his utilization of tongue, and by making mind boggling and interesting characters. Building up his characters is perhaps the best resource he has in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. A character that embodies this most is Huck Finn, first showing up as rouge, yet later changing into a character with high virtues. Right off the bat in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, we consider Huck to be a rebel figure. He kids about murdering individuals, and he demands that it must be entertaining. The possibility of a group appears to be acceptable to Huck and the various young men, so they all choose to make a vow and compose [their] name in blood (Twain, 9). Every one of them are currently part of this horrible posse and swear to slaughter the groups of young men that confessed to insider facts (Twain, 9). The entire thought of doing things that are expounded on in books energizes Huck, so he stays with this arrangement and follows Tom; that is, until he jumps on the stream. On the waterway, Huck and Jim are liberated from the general public that ties them. Jim is free and doesn't bear any of the partialities of the world that plague him on the shore, says Ben Christensen. Jim doesn't need to live in dread of being beaten for acting naturally and he doesn't need to stress over being called idiotic. Likewise, he says that Huck is permitted to think for himself here - unshaped by the musings of society. He is continually saying how Jim doesn't act like some other dark he had been told about. HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s profound quality persuades the waterway (Christensen). There are numerous spots on the stream where Huck... ...oke can sting regardless of what race an individual is. Huck realizes the contrast among good and bad and knows to avoid wrong. Huck additionally knows the significance of companionship and is eager to take a hike to safeguard the fellowship among himself and Jim. Despite the fact that he doesn't show his ethical characteristics, Huck is an ethical character in any case. Works Cited Christensen, Ben. Huck FinnÃ¢â¬â¢s Contention With The Values Of Society. On the web. February, 1995: http://internet.ocii.com/~benjc/paper/english/huckfinn.html. Agony, Albert. Huck Finn Comes into His Own. On the web. 1999: http://marktain.miningco.com/library/account/bl_paine_ch153.htm. Rasmussen, Kent. Imprint Twain beginning to end: The Essential Reference to his life and Writings. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1995. Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York: Bantam Books, 1884.
Friday, August 21, 2020
The damage of the financial idea - Essay Example till tests, after which an understudy overlooks what he had contemplated. ii) The certainty level in understudies falls apart because of absence of presentation and the pressure and anxiety of recollecting all the stuff written in course books during tests. iii) Intense weight of retaining and learning the reading material without understanding it appropriately may redirect the enthusiasm of understudies from contemplates. Among all the awful outcomes, these three are the most noticeably terrible on the grounds that the understudies are supposed to be instructed when they comprehend what is being educated rather than only remembering their schedule. In any case, instruction has now become an idea of Ã¢â¬Å"rememberingÃ¢â¬ more than Ã¢â¬Å"understandingÃ¢â¬ , instructors have lost the importance for educating understudies. Paulo Freire, a Brazilian instructor who has left a huge imprint on pondering dynamic practice wrote in Ã¢â¬Å"The Ã¢â¬ËBanking ConceptÃ¢â¬â¢ of EducationÃ ¢â¬ his concept of two diverse training techniques which are the Ã¢â¬Å"bankingÃ¢â¬ idea and the Ã¢â¬Å"problem posingÃ¢â¬ idea. In banking training, educators as a rule expect that the understudies know nothing at all and afterward exploit this supposition. They basically feed the understudies with data and understudies are compelled to gobble everything up. Then again, issue presenting training urges the understudies to build up the propensity for picking up information by doing reasonable trials and research works instead of simply noticing down the talk of the instructor without considering on the point. This procedure includes a collaboration between the educator and the understudies, which in the end prompts a more grounded instructor understudy relationship. This encourages an understudy to be progressively forthright with an instructor to explain all the disarrays that generally advance in a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. It likewise causes an understudy to create distinct fascination for any point that is being educated. Freire thinks issue presenting is superior to the financial idea, and I am likewise for issue presenting technique. Issue presenting empowers the understudies to talk, think and have conversations among one another inside the class just as significantly after the class timings, which no uncertainty can be recorded among the solid exercises. Actually, banking idea builds up the propensity for Ã¢â¬Å"instant memorizingÃ¢â¬ not long before the tests. The information understudies increased through the strategy for banking idea is generally brief in their memory and doesn't profit the understudy later on. This is on the grounds that the educators donÃ¢â¬â¢t care whether the understudies truly comprehend the content or not, regardless of whether they give it a second thought, they give no consideration to speak with the understudies to make themselves understood. Understudies compel themselves to acknowledge the data and retain it jus t for getting passing marks as opposed to having an enthusiasm to learn. The understudies can without much of a stretch overlook all the retained data
Two Precedents expositions George Washington had achieved numerous things in his administration which further bettered the United States. Two points of reference that Washington built up for the administration and official branch all through his terms were that he built up a bureau and made another capital for the nation. George Washingtons first take was to set up a bureau. The bureau is a gathering of men sorted out by the President to help him in a wide range of things that he needs to manage. He picked Alexander Hamilton secretary of treasury and Thomas Jefferson secretary of state. He made offices inside the administration, each with various employments. The congress composed four sub-gatherings: the secretary of the express, the secretary of treasury, the secretary of war, and the lawyer general. Washington picked Jefferson to make a strategy of looking for exchange with European countries. Alexander Hamilton turned into the secretary of treasury; he thought of significant thoughts like: a financed national obligation and the creation of the Bank of the United States. Henry Knox was named the secretary of war, and Edmund Randolph was the lawyer general. It had its first gathering in 1789. Washington rearranged his bureau in 1795, and Tennessee turned into a state in 1796. Presently the mains of fourteen official divisions structure the bureau. Washington chose to make a capital for the United States of America. Washington, D.C. was an arranged city from the beginning. It was the primary city in the United States to be arranged before it was fabricated. The Constitution of the United States enabled Congress to oversee Washington. For a ton of the city's history, its pioneers were delegated by the president. In 1973, Congress allowed the city the option to choose their nearby authorities. D.C. was isolated into areas to control the employments of the property which is called zoning. Washington, D.C. didn't turn into the United States capital until 1800. Congress moved its gathering... <!
Monday, July 13, 2020
How BAC Is Measured and How It Can Affect Your Body Addiction Alcohol Use Print How Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Impairs Your Body and Brain By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Updated on September 19, 2019 DarrenMower /E+ / Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is a measurement of the percentage of alcohol thats in your bloodstream after youve been drinking. Your BAC, rather than the exact amount of alcohol youve consumed, will determine the effects the alcohol will have on you. In all states, the legal limit to drive is any number below .08. Factors That Affect BAC Body sizeBiological sexPhysical conditionMedications you takeWhat youve eaten (and when)How much sleep youve hadAlcohol content of your drinks As BAC increases, so does the level of alcohol-related impairment you will experience. While a breathalyzer gives fast results and is often used by police officers who suspect that an individual has been driving while drunk, it is not as accurate as measuring the amount of alcohol in your blood.?? How BAC Is Calculated To calculate BAC, the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream is measured in milligrams (mg) of alcohol per 100 milliliters (ml) of blood. It is usually expressed as a decimal such as 0.08 or 0.15. For example, a BAC of 0.10% means that an individualâs blood supply contains one part alcohol for every 1,000 parts blood. How BAC Affects Impairment The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides the following chart which illustrates how alcohol consumption and BAC can impact behavior, judgment, physiology, and driving ability.?? BAC Standard Drink Equivalent Typical Effects Predicted Effects on Driving 0.02% ~2 alcoholic drinks Some loss of judgment, relaxation, slight body warmth, altered mood Decline in visual functions (rapid tracking of moving target) and ability to perform two tasks at the same time (divided attention) 0.05% ~3 alcoholic drinks Exaggerated behavior, loss of small-muscle control (e.g., focusing your eyes), impaired judgment, lowered alertness, release of inhibition Reduced coordination, reduced ability to track moving objects, difficulty steering, reduced response to emergency driving situations 0.08% ~4 alcoholic drinks Poor muscle coordination (e.g., balance, speech, vision, reaction time, hearing), difficulty detecting danger, impaired judgment, self-control, reasoning, and memory Loss of concentration, short-term memory loss, impaired speed control, reduced information processing capability (e.g., signal detection, visual search), impaired perception 0.10% ~4 alcoholic drinks Clear deterioration of reaction time and control, slurred speech, poor coordination, slowed thinking Reduced ability to maintain lane position and brake appropriately 0.15% ~7 alcoholic drinks Far less muscle control than normal, potential for vomiting, major loss of balance Substantial impairment in vehicle control, attention to driving task, and visual and auditory processing The number of drinks listed represents the approximate amount of alcohol that a 160-pound man would need to drink in one hour to reach the listed BAC in each category. A standard drink is equal to 14 grams (0.6 ounces) of pure alcohol. Generally, this amount of pure alcohol is found in: 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol content)8 ounces of malt liquor (7% alcohol content)5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol content)1.5 ounces or a âshotâ of 80-proof (40% alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) Your blood alcohol level results may be given in different ways, including the percentage of blood alcohol content (BAC). Typical results include: Sober: 0.0% BACLegally intoxicated: .08% BACVery impaired: .08â"0.40% BAC. You may have difficulty walking and speaking. Other symptoms may include confusion, nausea, and drowsiness.At risk for serious complications: Above .40% BAC. An individual with this blood alcohol level may be at risk for coma or death. A blood alcohol test is only accurate within 6 to 12 hours after your last drink. If you have concerns about your results, you may want to talk to a health care provider and/or a lawyer. How Blood Alcohol Content Works
Tuesday, June 9, 2020
Choose one gender group and critically discuss how their health outcomes can be improved in regards to ageing. The World Health Organisations definition of Health emphasizes that the overall health of an individual is determined by not only their physical well-being but also their mental and social well-being. Therefore, NICE has framed its public health outcomes broadly to allow a range of health factors to be addressed. The paper will discuss how the health outcomes of the female gender can be improved in regards to ageing. Hence, due to the limited word count of this discussion, the health initiatives addressed will be physical activity and mental well-being with reference to Menopause, Osteoporosis, Depression and Breast Cancer. Menopause has not just been chosen because it impacts only women but because in 2007 females expressed the need for more information on menopause and its impacts on their health (BMS, 2015). This has driven the creation of new clinical guidelines to be published in approximately four months time for application in all NHS Healthcare settings (BMS, 2015). The formation of these guidelines in response to the surveyed women may act as a possible improvement in the delivery of the healthcare treatments and advice given by practitioners because a greater focus is hoped to be put on menopause than demonstrated in previous years; this could then improve the quality of health education given to the patient, hence allowing them to understand their condition better. A better personal understanding of a condition can allow a patient to be more active in the decision making processes in partnership with the practitioner (DAmbrosia, 1999). This could then improve the relationship between the patient and the practitioner; Empowerment via knowledge can also positively impact the confidence of the patient because they may be able to apply principles of self-help in some situations where menopause was affecting them because they would have the knowledge to make changes in their lifestyle choices and routines. For example, exercising regularly is promoted in the menopause period to avoid gaining extra weight or to maintain muscle mass and bone strength (NHS, 2014). Health Psychologists often unravel menopause as a bio-psychosocial event in which social, cultural and biological factors can impact a woman psychologically. Therefore, weight gain may affect their self-esteem, self-confidence and self-image (Ogden, 2012). Hence, health education is not only a method of i mprovement for health outcomes related to specific conditions and the associated treatments but it also encourages the individual to self develop. Interestingly, self-image / self representation is discussed within all media forms in regards to both men and women, however more so for women. Also, ageing and self-image are often not directly addressed within academic texts that analyse the impacts of ageing, yet the physical symptoms of menopause can psychologically impact a woman as mentioned previously in this discussion. Furthermore, despite surveys and questionnaires forming knowledge in regards to the functional aspects of an elderly womans life, we know very little about their own perceptions on being someone who is considered as older by society (Queniart and Charpentier, 2011). The definition of Health by WHO is inclusive of social wellbeing, but we still have very limited specific research on elderly women and self-representations. Therefore, there is a need for both qual itative and quantitative research to be conducted on elderly women to be able to support these women to see ageing as a positive process and not a negative process, as this is still a widely accepted connotation amongst society in general and among women. Within the NHS outcomes framework, mental illness is addressed to acknowledge the growing recognition of mental disorders both diagnosed and undiagnosed and to improve the quality of care for those suffering from mental health conditions. Mental health conditions are good case studies to analyse to explore the barriers which may prevent individuals from reaching their health outcomes. Generally, statistics show that more women access mental health services in comparison to men, however females from BME communities access mental health services less than females from non BME communities. It is often shown in reports that the relationship between BME individuals and healthcare services differs from the relationship of the native c ommunity with the healthcare service (Department of Health, 2011). Furthermore, South East Asian women may be dealt with after a delayed period of time and possibly even with inappropriate mental health services (Department of Health, 2011). This has been shown in some cases even where the female has suffered from severe mental health issues. In this case, the lack of accessibility and engagement will prevent these women achieving better health. Elderly men and women are also victims of mental disorders, with statistics suggesting approximately 15% of adults who are 60 years and older being affected (IHME, 2012). Therefore, barriers to health services will also delay treatments for these individuals. There are a variety of reasons why these barriers exist including; language barriers, cultural reasons, practitioners who do not understand the latter, the location of services and the individuals own perceptions of the mental health condition. Furthermore, it is extremely difficult for a health service to be specialist and practical for all populations, therefore social inequalities exist as barriers to improving the wider health outcomes for services and governing bodies as well as the personal health outcomes of elderly patients. Elderly individuals face biological, social and mental changes as part of the ageing process and they have to learn to cope and accept these changes. Many elderly individuals also lack the company of family or friends due to their circumstances. These changes could impact an individuals everyday activities, which then could negatively impact their mental well-being causing them to suffer from depression because they have become socially excluded. Hence, it is important that elderly individuals know how to access specialist services which may not be necessarily healthcare based but who have personal wellbeing as central to their work. An example of such services are campaigns which aim to tackle elderly depression by focusing on p reventing social isolation amongst this age range though the promotion of social activities within community based environments. It is extremely important to recognise that the older age groups in society desire to have or feel similar positive health and well-being states as the younger age groups. However, the method of achieving these positive health and well-being states will in most cases differ between the age groups and also at what level individuals within these groups will be content with their health outcomes may differ too. For example, the Calderdale Clinical Commissioning Group in West Yorkshire has recently invested approximately one million pounds to improve the health and wellbeing of individuals via inclusion within groups, activities and accessibility to services through The Staying Well Project (The Halifax Courier, 2015; James, 2014). Achievement of better physical health is viewed highly in this project so physical activity sessions will be delivered for elderly individuals, however the sessions are most likely not going to be at the pace of what would be delivered for younger individuals, traditional activities may be replaced by walking football, tai chi or salsa (James, 2014; NHS, 2013). Improved fitness is a desired health outcome which can support the improvement or treatment of a variety of conditions both acute and chronic, including the prevention of weight gain due to stress in menopause (The Mayo Clinic, 2013). Also, recommended guidelines for exercise to prevent the onset of musculoskeletal conditions differ depending on the individuals age and their present health and well-being. Osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly women due to hormonal changes in the stages of menopause (NOS, 2010); however this may also be due to a lack of exercise or adopting a sedentary lifestyle in early life (WHO, 2003). Osteoporosis negatively impacts bone density either by reducing bone density or preventing bone from developing hence the indiv idual becomes more at risk of acquiring bone fractures. However, physical activity and healthy eating would still be needed for maintaining overall health and as an attempt to maintain bone density, yet an individual may potentially injure themselves by breaking a bone, which then could directly impact their overall health and wellbeing. Doctors and physiotherapists (and relevant knowledgeable individuals) are advised by NICE to promote sufferers of osteoporosis to exercise safely and gently to avoid injury however most reports highlight patients lack knowledge of what is considered safe in accordance to their condition (NICE, 2013; Moore, 2011). Therefore, if more specific knowledge of appropriate exercise was given to the patient in relation to their condition, patients could ensure they are exercising safely; these patients could then become independent exercisers who would be more likely to sustain exercise in their daily habits for a longer period of time are able to feel fulle r benefits of exercise. In addition to this, there is a lack of research into social inequalities due to musculoskeletal conditions associated with ageing. However, a recent paper suggests that some sufferers of musculoskeletal disease are becoming victims of material deprivation because their physical ability is preventing them from using or owning social possessions. For example, the young-old Hertfordshire Cohort Study had 3,225 participants who could not possess a home due to lower grip strength and frailty, of which 23.1% were women (p.54, Sydall, 2011). The health outcomes of these individuals may not be solely related to physical health outcomes in relation to improving their muscular strength but they could also desire better mental and social health outcomes because these women are facing challenging life experiences. These outcomes can be achieved or supported by secure methods such as receiving social care support within their own home, fitting assistive healthcare/Tel ecare technology, by accessing supported living schemes or by sharing their accommodation. This will allow them to feel at least partially in possession of important materialistic things such as a home. Addressing these wider non physical health implications is important to prevent further health and social care concerns because these elderly women may have lost their residence due to the inability to function within their home due to their condition, and this feeling could lead to a lack of control and autonomy within their life, which could then lead to depression, hence co morbidities. To promote positive thinking and motivation in ageing, alternate therapeutic activities such as life coaching and talking therapies may be more engaging and with little or no side effects in comparison to drug based medication, to tackle what is usually diagnosed as clinical depression or anxiety (NHS, 2014). Cohort studies suggest that physical activity has a protective role in an individuals l ife either to prevent the development of conditions or the deterioration/maintenance of health and wellbeing. A study in the Netherlands has suggested physical activity can protect premenopausal women from breast cancer; this study looked at the recreational activities of women throughout their life (Verloop et al, 2000). This major study suggested that present, past and future studies would struggle in measuring all kinds of physical activity done by women due to the extreme difficulty in classifying all movements and the impact of these movements. This study suggested that the relationship between the initiation of physical activity and the risk of breast cancer needed to be examined further Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" in order to form more reliable public health recommendations. Also, the public need to understand why physical activity is important for them at a more developed level than it simply being part of a recommended healthy living regime or for weight management or to prevent art hritis or prevent cardiovascular disease, so that the role of physical activity is of greater importance. This will improve specific health outcomes for individuals suffering from specific disease and a greater need for movements and durations of exercise will be understood by the individual. To summarise, both physical activity and mental wellbeing health outcomes for women when ageing can be improved via health education because it will motivate individuals to self-help. To improve process this, further research needs to be done on the specific impact of physical activity on conditions and also the psycho-social impact of specific diseases; this will improve public health recommendations. Social inequalities such as accessibility of services and the perceptions of female elderly stereotypes need to be addressed via community engagement work at a local level and via national incentives. Lastly, recognition of the wider implications of poor health outcomes will allow professional s to better support both women and men through the ageing process. Bibliography British Menopause Society . (2015) Fact Sheets. [Online] Available from: https://www.thebms.org.uk/. [Accessed: 16th March 2015]. British Menopause Society . (2015) Nice Menopause clinical guideline is on its way. [Online] Available from: https://www.thebms.org.uk/index.php. [Accessed: 23rd March 2015]. DAmbrosia, R. (1999) Orthopaedics in the New Millennium, a new patient-physician partnership. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 81. p. 447-451. Department of Health. (2011) No Health Without Mental Health: A Cross-Government Mental Health Outcomes Strategy for People of All Ages. Mental Health and Disability, Department of Health: London. [Accessed: 19th March 2015]. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. (2012) Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) Life Expectancy and Healthy Life Expectancy 1970-2010. [Online] Available from: https://ghdx.healthdata.org/record/global-burden-disease-study-2010-gbd-2010-life-expectancy-and-healthy-life-expectancy-1970 . [Accessed: 23rd March 2015]. James, E. (2014) Staying Well in your neighbourhood.[Online] Available from: https://locality.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Elaine-James-Calderdale-Council-Healthy-Neighbourhoods-workshop.pdf. [Accessed: 18th March 2015]. The Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013) Menopause weight gain: Stop the middle age spread. [Online] Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/womens-health/in-depth/menopause-weight-gain/art-20046058. [Accessed: 23rd March 2015]. Moore, G.F, Moore, L, Murphy, S. (2011) Facilitating adherence to physical activity: Exercise professionals experiences of the National Exercise Referral scheme in Wales, a qualitative study. [Online] BioMed Central. 935 (11). Available from: https://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/935. [Accessed: 19th March 2015]. National Health Service. (2013) Activities for the elderly. [Online] Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/activities-for-the-elderly.aspx. [Accessed: 19th Marc h 2015]. National Health Service.(2014)Benefits of Talking Therapy. https://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/stress-anxiety-depression/Pages/benefits-of-talking-therapy.aspx. [Accessed: 19th March 2015]. National Osteoporosis Society. (2010) Hormone Replacement Therapy for the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis. [Online] Available from: https://www.nos.org.uk/document.doc?id=823. [Accessed: 23rd March 2015]. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2013) Osteoporosis Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" prevention of fragility fractures. [Online] Available from: https://cks.nice.org.uk/osteoporosis-prevention-of-fragility-fractures#!topicsummary. [Accessed: 23rd March 2015]. Ogden, J. (2012) Health Psychology. Open University Press: Oxford. Queniart, A and Charpentier, M. (2011) Older women and their representations of old age: A qualitative analysis. The International Journal of Ageing and Society. 32 (6). p. 983-1007. Syddall, H.E. (2012) Social inequalities in musculoskelet al ageing among community dwelling older men and women in the United Kingdom.University of Southampton, Gerontology, Doctoral Thesis. [Online] Available from: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/354738/.[Accessed: 17th March 2015]. The Halifax Courier. (2015) Centre will play a role in tackling loneliness. [Online] Available from: https://www.halifaxcourier.co.uk/news/centre-will-play-a-role-in-tackling-loneliness-1-7060545 [Accessed: 17th March 2015]. Verloop, J, Rookus, M.A, Koay, K.V.D, Leeuwen, F.E.V. (2000) Physical activity and breast cancer risk in women Aged 20-54 years. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 92 (2). p. 128-135. World Health Organisation. (2003) Gender, Health and Ageing. [Online] Available from: https://www.who.int/gender/documents/en/Gender_Ageing.pdf [Accessed: 15th March 2015].